Cayuga County NY Health Homepage

Cooking Demos

How to Freeze Vegetables

  • Freeze fruits and veggies when they’re at their peak of freshness.
  • Blanch vegetables first, then submerge in ice water. Dry thoroughly.
  • Freeze fruits and vegetables quickly.
  • Store in heavy-weight, air-tight containers or freezer bags.
  • Fill containers to the top and remove as much air as possible from freezer bags.
  • Vegetables that hold up well to cooking (corn, peas) generally freeze well, too.
  • For better texture, try eating previously frozen fruit before it’s completely thawed.
  • Fruits and veggies freeze best at zero degrees Fahrenheit or colder. Store frozen fruits for about a year; vegetables, about 18 months. (Storing longer is fine, but the quality may decline.)

1. Get the Water On

Bringing a canning kettle of water to a boil takes awhile - up to 45 minutes over high heat. Be sure to get it on the stove before you start anything else. The canner should be about half full for pint jars and two-thirds full for quart jars.

2. Sterilize Jars and Lids

Sterilize the jars and lids by setting them in boiling water for 10 minutes or running them through the "sterilize" cycle on a dish washer.

3. Clean Produce

Make sure to thoroughly rinse and pat dry the produce you're canning before you start the recipe.

4. Fill Jars

Ladle food into sterilized jars through a wide-mouth funnel. Make sure to leave the headspace (the space between the top of the preserves and the top of the jar) specified in the recipe. If the final jar you fill isn't full, don't process it. You can cover it can keep it in the fridge instead.

5. Release Air Bubbles

Run a thin bladed knife along the inside of the jar to release any air bubbles along the sides of the jars. Wipe top edges of jars clean with a damp cloth or the jars may not seal.

6. Center Lids On Jars

When you put the lids on the jars, make sure that the sealing compound around the edges of the lids touch the rims of the jars. Screw the metal rings on firmly but not tightly and don't force them. Just screw them on so they stay in place.

7. Process Jars

Lower the jars into the boiling water (180°F to 185°F for pickles). The jars should be covered by at least 1 inch of water. Add boiling water, if needed, during processing, to keep that 1-inch buffer. Cover canning kettle to return water to a boil. Process for the time specified in the recipe.

8. Remove Jars

Lift jars out with tongs. Have a hot pad in your other hand, just in case you need to grab something. Set jars on a flat work surface. Pat dry, if you want. Don't tighten the rings, just let them sit until completely cool to room temperature. You may hear a slight "ping" from the jars as they seal. This is a good thing.

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    Auburn, NY 13021

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