LOCAL LAW #1 OF 2015
PEDDLING AND SOLICITING
Section 1. Purpose
This local law is adopted to regulate the distribution of certain materials, peddling, soliciting and related activities within the Village of Moravia. The licensing or registration of person(s) engaged in the above mentioned activities is required so that the identity of person(s) going door to door or distributing materials within the Village may be established for the protection and maintenance of the health, safety and welfare of the inhabitants of the Village.
Section 2. Definitions
As used in the local law, the following words shall have the meaning indicated:
Canvasser – Any person who goes from door to door for the purpose of soliciting and/or collecting funds for noncommercial purposes.
Commercial Activity – Activity associated with the sale of merchandise and/or services.
Distributor – Any person who distributes or causes to be distributed on any street or public place within the Village of Moravia any newspaper, periodical, book, magazine, handbill, circular, card or pamphlet or printed material of any kind for noncommercial purposes.
Merchandise – All goods, wares, food, meat, fish, ice cream, fruit, vegetables, magazines, periodicals, printed material, farm products, services and orders or contracts for services, home improvement or alterations and anything that may be sold or distributed by peddlers and solicitors as used herein.
Noncommercial Activity – Activity associated with political, charitable or religious purposes.
Peddler – Any person, whether a resident of the Village or not, who goes house to house, from place to place or from street to street, traveling by foot, automotive vehicle or any other type of conveyance, carrying or transporting merchandise for the purpose of selling and delivering the merchandise to customers. The word “peddler” shall also include the words “hawker” and “huckster.”
Person – Any individual, firm, limited liability company, entity partnership, corporation, organization, club, association, or any principal or agent thereof.
Solicitor – Any person who goes house to house, from place to place or from street to street, traveling by foot, automotive vehicle or any other type of conveyance, soliciting, taking or attempting to take orders for the sale of merchandise or services of any kind for future performance or deliver, whether or not such individual has, carries or exposes for sale a sample of the merchandise or services, and whether or not (s)he is collecting advance payments on such sale or orders, or who engages in any foregoing activities from a stationary location on any street or other public place.
Transient Merchant – Any person engaging in the activities commonly referred to as a “transient merchant” or “itinerant vendor” who merchandises or sells with the intent to close out or discontinue such business within a period of one year from the date of commencement and who occupies a room, building, tent, lot or other premises for the purpose of selling merchandise.
A. It shall be unlawful for any peddler, solicitor or transient merchant to sell, offer for sale, solicit for merchandise or services or engage in any commercial activity within the Village without first applying for and obtaining a license from the Village Clerk.
B. Applicants for a license under this chapter shall file an application with the Village Clerk in the form of a sworn affidavit, in duplicate, on a form to be published by the Village Clerk, which application shall furnish the following information:
1. The name, address and telephone number of the applicant;
2. The applicant’s place of residence for the past five years;
3. The applicant’s business or employer for the past five years;
4. The applicant’s age, height, weight, color of eyes, color of hair and place of birth;
5. Two full-face photographs of the applicant taken within 30 days of application and measuring no less than two inches by two inches;
6. Whether or not the applicant has ever been convicted of a felony, misdemeanor or violation of any municipal ordinance, except traffic violations, and if so, the date, court, ordinance and sentence of the court;
7. Whether the applicant has been previously licensed in any occupation and if so, when, where and for what period and, if such previous license was ever revoked, the date of revocation and the reason therefore;
8. The name and address of the person, form or corporation the applicant represents or is employed by;
9. The particular business, trade or occupation for which the license is requested;
10. The manner or means of conveyance in which said business or trade or occupation shall be conducted;
11. If the application is for a license to handle food in any form, the applicant shall submit a valid permit issued by the Cayuga County Health Department;
12. If the applicant requires the use of weighing and/or measuring devices, such application shall be accompanied by a certificate from the County Sealer/Director of Weights and Measures certifying that all weighing and measuring devices to be used by the applicant have been examined and approved;
13. If the application involves use of a vehicle, proof of a valid New York motor vehicle registration for the vehicle to be used;
14. If the application involves the use of a vehicle, proof that the applicant holds a valid New York State driver’s license;
15. Proof that the applicant holds a New York State sales tax identification number;
16. In the event that any other license or permit shall be required by any other governmental agency in connection with the applicant’s business, the same shall be produced by the applicant, and the Village Clerk shall duly note the same;
17. Any additional information as the Mayor or Village Clerk shall deem necessary for the purpose of administering the provision of this local law;
C. Criminal History.
1. The Village may conduct a criminal history for any permit application.
a. Any felony conviction record will preclude an applicant from licensure.
b. Any misdemeanor conviction will be a basis for denial of a license at the option of the Village of Moravia Board of Trustees.
3. Applicants may be fingerprinted by the Village of Moravia Police Department, which will then submit the fingerprints to the Division of Criminal Justice Services for a criminal background investigation.
4. In addition to any fees provided for hereunder, the applicant shall be charged the processing fee for a full search and return from the Division of Criminal Justice Services.
D. Any change in circumstances with regard to the information provided in the application or on the license, or that would appear in a criminal history search, shall be reported to the Village Clerk within 10 days of the date of such change in circumstances.
E. Any license issued hereunder shall expire 30 days from the date of issue.
1. The fees to be paid for a license shall be established by the Board of Trustees by resolution, from time to time.
2. Where an organization has several agents peddling, soliciting or distributing merchandise or printed material, each agent shall be licensed separately, and each shall pay the appropriate fee.
G. Nothing in this local law shall be held to apply to:
1. Any sales conducted pursuant to statue or by order of any court.
2. Any person selling personal property at wholesale to dealers in such articles.
3. Merchants or their employees delivering orders to customers at their residence or place of business.
4. Persons under the age of 18 years.
5. Peddling of meats, fish, fruit and farm produce by farmers and persons who produce such commodities.
6. Any honorably discharged member of the armed forces or any other person who has procured a license issued by the Cayuga County Clerk pursuant to New York General Business Law §32.
7. Solicitations by not-for-profit civic, charitable and religious corporations.
H. No license issued hereby may be assigned by the holder thereof. Any holder of such license who permits it to be used by any other person and any person who uses such license granted to any other person shall each be guilty of a violation of this local law.
Section 4. Revocation of License
A. Licenses issued under the provisions of this local law may be revoked by the Board of Trustees for any of the following causes:
1. Fraud, misrepresentation or false statement contained in the application for license.
2. Fraud, misrepresentation or false statement made in the course of carrying on his/her business as peddler.
3. Any violation of this local law.
4. Conviction of any crime or misdemeanor.
5. Conducting the business of peddling in an unlawful manner or in such a manner to constitute a breach of the peace or to constitute a menace to the health, safety or general welfare of the public.
B. Notice of hearing for revocation of a license shall be given in writing, setting for specifically the grounds of complaint and the time and place of hearing. Such notice shall be mailed to the licensee at his/her last known address at least five days prior to the date set for the hearing.
Section 5. Restrictions on Operations
A. It shall be unlawful for any peddler, solicitor or transient merchant to enter upon private property for the purpose of peddling or soliciting before the hour of 9:00 a.m. of any day or after the hour of 7:00 p.m. of any day except upon the invitation of the householder or occupant.
B. No peddler, solicitor or transient merchant shall have any exclusive right to any location in the public streets; nor shall any peddler or solicitor be permitted to sell wares within 200 feet of a school between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. on a school day; nor shall (s)he be permitted to sell his/her wares within 300 feet of a Village-owned park nor shall (s)he be permitted to stand in one place for more than 30 minutes; nor shall (s)he be permitted to stop within 200 feet of a previous stop; nor shall (s)he be permitted to operate in any congested area where his/her operation might impede or inconvenience the public. For the purpose of this local law, the judgment of any police officer, exercised in good faith, shall be deemed conclusive as to whether the area is congested or the public impeded or inconvenienced.
C. It shall be unlawful for any peddler, solicitor or transient merchant to set up a table, box, stand, bag, container or any other device upon any public sidewalk or roadway for the purpose of peddling or soliciting.
D. No peddler, solicitor or transient merchant shall occupy any part of a state highway for the purpose of peddling. For so long as the same is governed and regulated by state law, any violations hereof shall be punishable in accordance with the New York Vehicle and Traffic Law.
E. It shall be unlawful for any peddler, solicitor or transient merchant to peddle within a radius of 1,500 feet of any public market or store engaged in the business of selling the same or similar goods, wares and merchandise offered by said peddler.
F. It shall be unlawful for any peddler, solicitor or transient merchant in plying his or her trade to ring the bell or knock upon or enter any building whereon there is painted or otherwise affixed or displayed to public view any sign containing any or all of the following words: “No Peddlers,” “No Solicitors,” “No Agents,” or other wording, the purpose of which purports to prohibit peddling or soliciting on the premises.
G. Enter or attempt to enter the residence of any resident in the Village without an express invitation from the occupant of the residence.
H. Conduct himself/herself in such a manner as to become objectionable to or annoy an occupant of any residence.
I. Shout, cry out, blow a horn or use any sound-making or amplifying device upon any of the streets, parks or public places of the Village or upon private premises where sound of sufficient volume is emitted or produced therefrom to be capable of being plainly heard upon the streets, avenues, parks or other public places of the Village or upon private premises therefrom, for the purpose of attracting attention to any merchandise or services.
J. Distribute obscene merchandise or printed material or that which advocates unlawful conduct.
Section 6. Penalties for Offenses
Any person who, himself/herself or by an agent or employee, shall act as a vendor, hawker, peddler or solicitor, as herein defined, without first registering as required hereby, or shall violate any of the provisions of this law shall be guilty of a violation and subject to a fine of not less than $100 and not more than $500 per offense.
Section 7. Repeal of Village of Moravia Ordinances dated January 1951 - Chapter 2, Section 17 “Peddlers, Etc.”, Chapter 3, Section 1 “Transient Retail Business”, Chapter 3, Section 2 “Verified Statement”, and Chapter 3, Section 3 “Tax Based Upon Gross Sales”
The following Chapters and Sections of the Village of Moravia Ordinances dated January 1951, are hereby repealed: Chapter 2, Section 17 “Peddlers, Etc.”; Chapter 3, Section 1 “Transient Retail Business”; Chapter 3, Section 2 “Verified Statement”; and Chapter 3, Section 3 “Tax Based Upon Gross Sales”.
Section 8. Effective date
This local law shall take effect immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State.