What are the Types of Aquatic Plants?
What Are the Benefits of Aquatic Plants?
- Emergent- Found in the shallow water and has a large portion of stems and leaves growing above (emerging from) the water surface
- Tolerate flunctuating water levels
- Interlocking roots anchor sediment and reduce erosion
- Provide great nesting material
- Examples are cattails and arrowleaf
Cattails and Arrowleaf, Amy D'Angelo, Cayuga County Department of Planning
- Floating- Have leaves that float on top of the water
- Can be rooted (connected to the bottom by a stem) or free floating (not attached to the bottom)
- Leaf shape and texture that resists tearing
- Examples are duck weed (free floating) and water lily (rooted)
Waterlilies, Kelly E. Somerlot, Onondaga County CCE
- Submersed- Grow underwater
- Limp out of water
- Little or no cuticle facilitates gas exchange between plant and water
- Submerged leaves often dissected
- Examples are Eurasian watermilfoil, Curly-leafed pondweed, and Hydrilla
Eurasian watermilfoil. Robert Johnson, Cornell University. Ruthanna Hawkins, Cayuga Lake Watershed Network. Used with permission.
- Provide habitat for fish, bird, insects
- Provide shade, shelter & foraging opportunities for fish
- Photosynthesize which oxygenates the water
- Stabilize sediments
- Absorb nutrients
- Slow down water
- Can be aesthetically pleasing
Invasive Aquatic Plants
Page updated on September 21, 2005.